Avaaz was co-founded in 2007 by “Res Publica, a global civic advocacy group, and Moveon.org.” The former received grants totaling $290,000 from the Soros Open Society Institute in 2008. The latter received a $1.46 million from George Soros in 2004. Res Publica describes Avaaz.org as its “primary current project.” According to a 2007 ABC News report on Avaaz.org’s call for the firing of Paul Wolfowitz as president of the World Bank, Avaaz.org is a “global advocacy group funded by philanthropist and financier George Soros, MoveOn.org and the labor group SEIU.” According the 2009 Form 990 (page 87) filed by the Open Society Foundations, OSF gave $600,000 to Avaaz.org via New York-based Res Publica. $300,000 for “general support to Avaaz.org” and $300,000 for “Avaaz.org’s work on climate change.” A check into OSF 990s for 2010 or 2011 show no grants for Avaaz nor Res Publica. According to its 2011 990, Avaaz.org’s total revenue for that year was $7,519, 028. Avaaz.org claims it is “wholly member-funded.” Avaaz does not publish a detailed list of donors on its website or 990 forms, and therefore this claim cannot be verified independently. Avaaz.org is active in the Israeli-Palestinian arena. Its 2011 campaign “Palestine: the time is now,” was aimed at pressuring the UK, France, and Germany to support a Palestinian bid for recognition. The petition and accompanying video titled “Middle East Peace – The Real Story” promoting the Palestinian narrative. In 2007 Avaaz.org launched a petition calling for “End the Siege of Gaza: Ceasefire Now” demanding and end to the “blockade and growing humanitarian crisis in Gaza” and “ensure the free flow of supplies by land, sea or air.” Avaaz.org teamed up with the anti-Israel group, Jewish Voice for Peace during the 2013 AIPAC Policy Conference purchasing hundreds of anti-AIPAC billboards posted in downtown Washington, DC subway stations.