Human Rights First (HRF), a New York-based NGO, released its 2008 Hate Crime Survey “examining bias-driven violence in 2007 and 2008” throughout North America and Europe.  It concluded that “European and North American governments are failing to keep pace with a wave of violent hate crime that continues to rise across the region. “

HRF also published a survey of Antisemitic Violence, noting that “in 2007, overall levels of violent antisemitic attacks against persons increased in Canada, Germany, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom,” but decreased in Belgium, the Netherlands, and the United States.