Soft Powers Play Hardball: NGOs Wage War against Israel
Steinberg, Gerald M. “Soft Powers Play Hardball: NGOs Wage War against Israel.” Israel Affairs 12.4 (2006): 748-768.
This article begins with a presentation of the political activities, agendas and impacts of NGOs on the Israeli–Palestinian con?ict. Subsequently, speci?c campaigns will be analyzed in detail, including the 2001 Durban conference, the anti-Israel NGO activities in connection with the Jenin ‘massacre’ myth, the separation fence (‘apartheid wall’) campaign, and the academic boycott and church divestment efforts. What follows is an examination of the sources of funding for these activities (particularly government sources), and the ‘soft power’ phenomenon which allows universal human rights norms to be distorted into tacit, and sometimes even explicit, support for terrorism. This paper will conclude with a presentation of the evolution of the counter-strategy designed to limit the impact of this manipulation of ‘soft power’.