On February 5, 2021, the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it has the jurisdiction to open an investigation into alleged war crimes committed by Israel in the “State of Palestine.” On March 3, 2021, the Chief Prosecutor of the ICC Fatou Bensouda announced the launch of a formal investigation. The investigation is to a significant degree the product of consistent and heavy lobbying of the ICC for over a decade by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These include Human Rights Watch (HRW), Amnesty International, and a number of groups with ties to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) terror group.
The non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that have been actively encouraging and facilitating an International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation into Israeli officials receive significant funding from foreign sources, mainly European governments. In some instances, the European funding to these NGOs was explicitly earmarked for their activities vis-à-vis the ICC. A number of these NGOs, including Addameer, Al-Dameer, Al-Haq, Al Mezan, and the Palestinian Center for Human Rights, have ties to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), a terrorist organization designated as such by the US, EU, Canada, and Israel. (See also: “Which NGOs Are Involved in Lobbying the ICC”)
- CHF 20,000 (2018). According to the contract, the grant was to “follow up for the submission to the ICC, and to file a new report” (emphasis added).
- CHF 77,221 (2017-2019). According to the contract, Al-Dameer “provide[d] information and reports to the International Criminal Court on human rights violations committed by the IOF [Israeli Occupation Forces]” (emphasis added) (On file with NGO Monitor).
- Palestinian Center for Human Rights
- CHF 280,000 (2018). According to the contract, the grant was for “Conduct[ing] communications with the Office of the General Prosecutor of the ICC and other intn’l litigation mechanisms.” (emphasis added) (On file with NGO Monitor)
- Al Mezan
- €200,000 (2018). According to the contract, Al-Mezan was expected “to ensure that “information on IHRL [international human rights law] and IHL and violations in the oPt [occupied Palestinian territories] are disseminated locally and internationally.”
- €176,000 (2019). The grant was to publish a report “on the role of the Israeli Supreme Court in the expulsion of Palestinian communities, particularly in the Jordan Valley, the Southern Hebron Hills, and the Ma’ale Adumim area.” A Dutch government document notes that “B’Tselem regularly refers to the Supreme Court as one of the main mechanisms that permits the ongoing occupation and human rights violations by granting judicial legitimacy to Israel’s policies.”
- Yesh Din
- €170,000 (2018). According to the grant agreement, Yesh Din is expected to ensure that the “Issue of impunity of ISFP [Israeli security forces personnel] in cases of offences committed against Palestinians in the West Bank and in Jerusalem remains on international agendaand in discussions between GOI [Government of Israel] and foreign government representatives. Increased international awareness on systemic impact of law enforcement failure for Palestinian communities, forcible home entries and the human rights situation in the West Bank and in Jerusalem (emphases added). (On file with NGO Monitor)
- B’Tselem: NIS 87,000 (2019, via Diakonia). The grant was to “assess [Israeli] court rulings with respect to the violation of the human rights of Palestinians.”
- Palestinian Center for Human Rights: NOK 6.9 million (2019-2021)
- Al-Haq: NOK 5.8 million (2019-2021)
- Yesh Din: NOK 2.3 million (2019-2020)
- B’Tselem: NOK 1.1 million (2020)