The Ford Foundation, in conjunction with Hivos (a Dutch development organization that focuses on civil society) and the Institute of Social Sciences ran a seminar on "The NGO Accountability Debate" on April 11, 2007 at The Hague. Issues discussed included "Who do NGOs represent?" to "address the often voiced criticism that NGOs are not accountable because they do not represent anyone but themselves," and "more accountability – better results?" to explore "examples of accountability pressure and NGO responses." Speakers included Michael Edwards, Director of the Ford Foundation’s Governance and Civil Society Unit in New York.