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In accordance with the Durban agenda, the contemporary campaigns to delegitimize Israel include two main components. One is lawfare, or exploitation of courts in democratic states in order to harass Israeli soldiers and officials with civil lawsuits and criminal investigations for “crimes against humanity,” “war crimes” and other alleged violations of international law. The other is the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement. As Gerald Steinberg, professor of political science at Bar-Ilan University, states: “The Durban Conference provided the strategy for the ensuing NGO-led political war against Israel, using the weapons derived from the rhetoric of human rights and international law, and conducted via the UN, the media, churches and university campuses.”

As such, the systematic delegitimization and demonization of Israel has become the most effective, sophisticated and dangerous form of anti-Semitism in recent times.