In another example of broadening its focus in the Middle East, HRW released a report,  "The Human Cost: The Consequences of Insurgent Attacks in Afghanistan,"   criticizing Afghani insurgent groups for failing to differentiate between “civilians and combatants.”  The report calls on Afghan government to develop “better rules of engagement’” to minimize civilian casualties and calls on Pakistan to act more effectively against insurgents located over the border.

PCHR and Al Dameer issued press releases on April 19, 2007(a, b) calling on the Palestinian Authority to pay “delayed salaries and wages” to municipal sanitation workers in order to prevent environmental disaster in Gaza.