On December 12, 2006, the Israeli Supreme Court struck down part of a 2005 law barring Palestinians injured in “non-belligerent” army operations from seeking compensation. The suit was brought by nine NGOs including Adalah, B’tselem, Physicians for Human Rights-Israel, and PCHR.
On December 14, 2006, the Court ruled on the legality of “targeted killings”, in a case brought against the State by the NGO, Public Committee Against Torture in Israel. The Court determined that such killings are legal so long as a determination as to the status of each specific target is made in accordance with international humanitarian law. The Court set out the balancing test to be applied in its decision.