Founded in 1997 by Jeff Halper, a former Professor at Ben-Gurion University, the Israel Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD), describes itself as a "non-violent, direct-action group originally established to oppose and resist Israeli demolition of Palestinian houses in the Occupied Territories". The scope its advocacy and lobbying extends much further, however. As documented in previous NGO Monitor reports, ICAHD uses its funding (including 472,000 from the EU in 2005) to campaign against the two-state solution, promote boycotts and divestment, uses terms such as "apartheid", and grossly distort the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Moreover, ICAHD often recites statistics on the numbers of Palestinian homes demolished in the West Bank without sources making independent verification of ICAHDs allegations impossible. ICAHDs claims that Israeli planning and development policies are founded in racism are opinions based on ideology, and of no validity beyond this.