- The European Union (EU) provides millions of euros to highly politicized non-governmental organizations (NGOs) through various funding instruments including the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR),1 Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP),2 European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI),3 and Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).4
- The EU launched the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) in June 2021, “in an effort to streamline existing financing instruments” and merge stand-alone external frameworks.
- Due to the highly complex and poorly coordinated nature of EU aid and to the lack of a consolidated database differentiating between NGOs and other types of organizations, it is impossible to determine the exact amount or proportions of EU funding to civil society organizations.
- Many organizations receiving EU funds for work in the Israel context promote anti-Israel narratives, lawfare, and discriminatory BDS (boycott, divestment, and sanctions) campaigns. Several of these organizations have ties to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine(PFLP) – a designated terrorist organization by the EU, US, Canada, and Israel. These activities are inconsistent with the EU’s policies of supporting a two-state framework to the Arab-Israeli conflict, promoting peace, and rejecting BDS.
- In 2019, the EU introduced a new requirement in its contracts with Palestinian NGOs, under “General conditions applicable to European Union-financed grant contracts for external actions” (Annex G.2, Annex II, Article 1.5 bis). It stipulates that “Grant beneficiaries and contractors must ensure that there is no detection of subcontractors, natural persons, including participants to workshops and/or trainings and recipients of financial support to third parties, in the lists of EU restrictive measures.” These lists include terrorists and terrorist organizations designated as such by the EU (e.g. Hamas, Izzedine al-Qassam Brigades, Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, Islamic Jihad, and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine).
- In April 2021, the EU published the “EU general budget – Commission and executive agencies2020/2140(DEC)” calling on the European Commission to “thoroughly verify the use of Union funds by third entities, their affiliates, and/or natural persons to ensure that no funds are allocated or linked to any cause or form of terrorism and/or religious and political radicalisation; and to ensure that these Union funds are proactively recovered, and recipients involved are excluded from future Union funding.”
- In January 2021, the European Commission (EC) jointly published, with the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance, a “Handbook for the practical use of the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism.” This handbook urged funding institutions to “reference the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism to support control and supervision mechanisms and to ensure that funding does not go to entities and projects that promote antisemitism or other forms of hate.”
Lack of NGO transparency and accountability [ECA/CONT REPORTS]
- In 2018-2019, the European Court of Auditors (ECA) and the European Parliament’s (EP) Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) published reports on transparency and accountability in EU funding to NGOs. The reports noted significant structural issues with EU monitoring and control mechanisms, especially as they related to the activities of beneficiary organizations receiving funds.
- In 2018, following significant discussions in Brussels regarding the issue of EU funding to NGOs – which NGO Monitor actively participated in – the ECA issued its special report “Transparency of EU funds implemented by NGOs: more effort needed.” The report concluded that the Commission “was not sufficiently transparent regarding the implementation of EU funds by NGOs.”
- While the ECA highlighted that transparency “should cover the entire process and all implementation layers, from selection of NGO-led actions, through the collection of information on these actions and its disclosure,” the Commission suffered from significant shortcomings. Examples include:
- The Commission “not having comprehensive information” particularly with regards to “networks of international NGOs and projects under indirect management.”
- The Commission “does not always collect and check information on EU funds implemented by NGOs appropriately.”
- “Commission systems do not always record information on funds received by all the beneficiaries of a contract.”
- “In external action, the Commission does not have comprehensive information on all NGOs supported.”
- Similarly, in 2019, the EP and CONT released their report, “Democratic accountability and budgetary control of non-governmental organisations financed from the EU budget.” This study was a follow up to a 2016 study of the same name, which noted significant shortcomings related to transparency, information management, and accountability. Many of these same issues remain unresolved in the 2019 update. Examples include:
- A noted lack of transparency with the Commission and the FTS database, with report authors noting that “information on disbursements is managed by individual Commission departments and is not published.”
- Compliance with Commission contractual requirements “still does not ensure transparency and accountability where EU funds are concerned.”
- Concerning recommendations from the 2016 report, the authors noted, “Recently updated Commission visibility and communications guidelines do not address key systemic recommendations made in the previous study that were intended to make information more easily accessible, and to provide a longer-term picture of the role of EU funding to individual NGOs.”
- In March 2020, the European Parliament published a report on the “implementation of the general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2018.”
- In this report, the Committee on Foreign Affairs refers to the above ECA report and notes that the “Court report found that the Commission could improve its transparency regarding the implementation of Union funds by NGOs; stresses that NGOs are subject to the same transparency requirements as other beneficiaries; calls on the Commission to improve its systems for monitoring the use of funds implemented by NGOs and ensure and verify the correct and consistent application of rules and procedures, in line with the Court’s recommendations.”
- In addition, the report stated that the ECA “insists that an important criterion for the Commissions prioritising of the external aid should be the presence of rule of law and the respect of human rights in the recipient country; insist [sic] that the Commission should thoroughly verify the use of Union funds by third entities to ensure that no funds are allocated or linked to any cause or form of terrorism and/or religious and political radicalisation.”
EU Investigations into Terror Funding
- During a May 19, 2020 meeting of the European Parliament Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET), Commissioner for Neighborhood and Enlargement Olivér Várhelyi stated that he had instructed the heads of EU delegations to Israel and West Bank/ Gaza to “look deep” in to the allegations that some EU funds go to terror-linked or -supporting NGOs, declaring that such funding “will not be tolerated.”
- This decision follows concerns raised by Members of the European Parliament and civil society over a “clarification letter regarding the EU-funded contracts” sent on March 30, 2020 by the EU Representative Office to the West Bank and Gaza to Palestinian NGO Network (PNGO) – an umbrella organization of 142 Palestinian NGOs. In the letter, the EU diplomats appear to give in to Palestinian pressure and effectively annul EU regulations that prohibit the transfer of EU funds to terror groups or individuals connected to these groups (what Palestinian NGOs label “political parties” and “resistance factions”).
- This decision also follows NGO Monitor’s exposure about an EU grant of €699,236 (2017-2019) that went to five Palestinian organizations, four of which have ties to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), a designated terrorist organization by the EU, US, Canada, and Israel. In December 2019, the Israeli media reported that the Israel Security Agency arrested 50 people from a terror network operating in the West Bank allegedly responsible for the bomb attack that murdered Rena Shnerb, a teenager, in August 2019. Among those arrested were three senior employees of NGO beneficiaries of this EU grant, including financial officers. (See below for further details.)
- In addition to the EU Commissioner’s declaration, in June 2020, European Commission President’s office stated that “these [EU safeguards] rules make the participation of entities, individuals or groups affiliated linked or supporting terrorist organisations incompatible with any EU funding. If there is clear evidence that any organisation has made an inappropriate use of EU funds, the European Commission will take the appropriate measures such as recovery of the funds, exclusion of the entity from future EU financing, prosecution, etc” (emphasis added).5
EU Funding to Terror-Tied NGOs
- In 2011-2019 (latest available data), the EU authorized grants of at least €38 million to NGOs with ties to EU-designated terrorist groups. (Read NGO Monitor’s report “EU Funding to Terror-Linked Palestinian NGOs Since 2011.”)
- NGO Monitor has identified 32 grants provided to terror-tied NGOs, including the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC), Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees (UPWC), Al-Dameer, Defense for Children International-Palestine (DCI-P), Health Work Committees (HWC), Bisan Center for Research and Development (Bisan), Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR), Al-Haq, Red Crescent Society for the Gaza Strip (RCS4GS), Society of St. Yves, Ma’an Development Center, and the Palestinian NGO Network (PNGO). In some instances, the NGOs were founded by the PFLP itself. In others, PFLP members serve as staff, on the boards, and in key decision making and financial roles at the NGOs.
- In 2017-2019,6 the EU granted €699,236 to five Palestinian NGOs and a Spanish organization for a project titled “Strengthening Community Resilience and Social Cohesion in East Jerusalem on Both Sides of the Separation Wall.” At least four of the NGO grantees – Health Work Committees (HWC), Bisan, Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees (UPWC),7 and Defense for Children International-Palestine (DCI-P), – have ties to the PFLP.
- Health Work Committees (HWC)
- On June 9, 2015, the Israel defense minister declared that “the group of people or institutions or association known as the ‘Union of Health Work Committees Jerusalem’…or ‘Health Work Committees’…or any other name that this association will be known by, including all of its factions and any branch, center, committee or group of this associationis an unauthorized association” (emphasis added; HCJ 3923/15).”
- Numerous HWC staff members, founders, board members, general assembly members, and senior staff members have ties to the PFLP terror group. For more information on HWC’s PFLP ties, read NGO Monitor’s report “Health Work Committees’ Ties to the PFLP Terror Group.”
- Walid Hanatsheh (Abu Ras), HWC’s finance and administration manager, is on trial for allegedly being the leader of PFLP “military” operations and commanding the PFLP terror cell that carried out the August 2019 bombing attack in which Rina Shnerb, a 17-year-old Israeli teenager was murdered. According to the indictment against him, Hanatsheh bankrolled the bombing.
- Bisan Center for Research and Development (Bisan)
- An academic dissertation by scholar Sbeih Sbeih (Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines) on Palestinian NGOs states that “some [NGOs], because of their link to PFLP, opposed the Oslo Accords. Such was the case of Bisan.”
- Ubai Aboudi, Bisan’s Executive Director, was sentenced in June 2020 to 12-months in prison. According to his conviction, Aboudi “was convicted of being a member and an activist of the Popular Front organization during the period starting from 2016 and ending in July 2019.” Specifically, Aboudi “was responsible for recruiting additional activists to the organization from young people and students, as well as strengthening the organization’s infrastructure in the area” (on file with NGO Monitor).
- Iteraf Hajaj (Rimawi)served as Bisan’s Executive Director until at least 2017. He was arrested on September, 23, 2019 by Israeli forces. A statement from the General Security Service (Shabak) refers to Rimawi as being responsible for PFLP clandestine operations.
- Union of Palestinian Women Committees (UPWC)/ Society of Palestinian Women’s Committees
- The Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees (UPWC) is identified by Fatah as an official “affiliate” and by USAID-engaged audit as the “women’s organization” of the PFLP.
- Several UPWC staff members, founders, board members, general assembly members, and senior staff members have ties to the PFLP terror group. For detailed information on UPWC’s PFLP ties, read NGO Monitor’s report “The Union of Palestinian Women Committees Society’s Ties to the PFLP Terror Group.”
- Defense for Children International – Palestine (DCI-P)
- Numerous individuals with alleged ties to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), a terrorist organization designated as such by the US, EU, Canada, and Israel, have been employed and appointed as board members at DCI-P. For more information on DCI-P’s PFLP ties, read NGO Monitor’s report “Defense for Children International – Palestine’s Ties to the PFLP Terror Group.”
- In 2011-2017, the EU provided €18.3 million to projects involving UAWC. It appears that €12.1 million went to projects where UAWC was the only implementer. (For more information, see “NGO-Terror Links Case Study: EU Funding to UAWC in 2011-2017.”) In addition, in 2017-2021, the EU is providing the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) with €7 million for the project “Reform and Development of Markets, Value Chains and Producers’ Organizations.” According to the FAO, the project is implemented with the “technical cooperation” of the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC).8
- UAWC is identified by Fatah as an official “affiliate” and by USAID-engaged auditas the “agricultural arm” of the
- Numerous UAWC staff members, founders, board members, general assembly members, and senior staff members have ties to the PFLP terror group. For more information on UAWC’s PFLP ties, read NGO Monitor’s report “Union of Agricultural Work Committees Ties to the PFLP Terror Group.”
- Samer Arbid, UAWC’s financial director is on trial for commanding a PFLP terror cell that carried out a bombing, murdering Shnerb, and injuring her father and brother. According to the indictment against him (on file), Arbid prepared and detonated the explosive device.
- Abdel Razeq Farraj, UAWC’s “Finance and Administration Director” is also currently standing trial. According to his indictment (on file), Razeq Farraj held a senior PFLP post and authorized the August 23, 2019 bombing.
- In 2019, the European Union granted €648,000 (2020-2023) for a project on “Protection and respect of the rights of vulnerable women and girls with and without disabilities survivors of GBV in the Gaza Strip.” The EU lists three partners, including the Red Crescent Society for the Gaza Strip (RCS4GS).9 According to RCS4GS, the project began in June 2020.
Red Crescent Society for the Gaza Strip (RCS4GS)
- The PFLP organizes events with RCS4GS.
- In February 2019, RCS4GS hosted a memorial service organized by the PFLP for Maher Yamani, a PFLP “founder” and a “member of the Central Committee and one of its most prominent military commanders.” Yamani “coordinated special operations…in particular the operation against an aircraft of the Israeli company El Al in July 1968 in Greece.” “Fighters” of the PFLP’s Abu Ali Mustapha Brigades and “civil society representatives” attended the event.
- Bakr Abu Safiya, a RCS4GS board member, is referred by the PFLP as “a member of the Central Committee” (February 2020).
- Fayrouz Arafa, a RCS4GS board member, was, according to an interview, arrested three times during the 1970s for 3-12 months. According to the PFLP, Arafa spoke at an August 8, 2018 event concerning Palestinian prisoners organized by the terrorist organization. The PFLP summary of the gathering refers to her as “one of the comrades of the Front.” During her speech, Arafa “talked about secret organizational work inside the PFLP, and touched on the prominent role of women in the armed struggle.”
- During a 2015 event that took place in the RCS4GS hall and was attended by several members of the PFLP central committee and political bureau, the PFLP reported that “Comrade Arafa asserted that the experience of struggle in the seventies carried the extent of national maturity in Palestinian society, where women participated in the heroic role alongside men in resisting the occupation in all political, military and social fields.” In her speech, Arafa praised many female PFLP terrorists, including Dalal Mughrabi, one of the perpetrators of the 1978 “Coastal Road massacre” in which 38 Israeli civilians were murdered, including 13 children, and “Arafa also saluted the female pioneer of plane hijackings, who commanded the men, Leila Khaled.”
EU Funding to NGOs promoting hateful antisemitic conspiracy theories and/or glorifying terror
The EU regularly provides funding for projects that claim to advance peace or protect human rights. These initiatives are often implemented by Palestinian NGOs that promote hateful antisemitic conspiracy theories and/or glorify terror.
- In 2021-2024, the EU will grant €404,515 to the World Council of Churches (WCC) to “maintaina sustainable and lively Palestinian and Bedouin presence in East Jerusalem through protective presence, monitoring, documenting and advocacy.”10 Among other indicators, the EU’s grant language suggests that the project will be carried out by the WCC’s Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI). It is unknown if the project, which had been postponed, will begin as scheduled due to COVID-19 travel restrictions.
- The Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI) was founded by the World Council of Churches (WCC). EAPPI sends volunteers to the West Bank to “witness life under occupation.” Upon completion of the program, the volunteers return to their home countries and churches where many engage in anti-Israel advocacy, including advocating for BDS campaigns in churches, comparing Israel to apartheid South Africa and Nazi Germany, and other delegitimization strategies.
- In 2019, the EU authorized a €700,000 grant for a project titled “Assessing the impediments before the two-state solution” that aims at “Contributing to the conditions for a sustainable resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in preparation for sustainable peace through identifying/analysing the impediments that stands against engaging fruitful negotiations and exploring manners to which breakthroughs and ultimately peaceful solutions to the conflict may be reached.” Applied Research Institute- Jerusalem (ARIJ) and Land Research Center (LRC) are the grantees of this project. In 2016, the EU also authorized a €474,732 grant “advocating for a sustainable and viable resolution of Israeli-Palestinian conflict” implemented by both ARIJ and LRC. 11
- As part of the project, the NGOs launched an EU-funded website that features blatant propaganda and allegations such as “Throughout the years of occupation of the Palestinian territory, Israel has engaged in excessive and disproportionate violations of every existing humanitarian code” (emphasis added).
- In 2019, as part of this project, ARIJ and LRC released a “Daily Report” that included classic antisemitic attacks on the Talmud in its rhetoric used against Israel. The report claimed that “over 250 settlers, stormed an archaeological site in Al-Jib village…and performed Talmudic rituals” and accused Jews of performing “Talmudic rituals in celebration of Jewish holidays” and performing “Talmudic rituals in the town.”
- ARIJ is among the leaders of the political warfare against Israel, seeking to further BDS (boycotts, divestment and sanctions), false accusations of Israeli “apartheid” and “racism,” and support for a Palestinian “right of return” that is inconsistent with a two-state vision.
- The Land Research Center (LRC) publishes hateful conspiracy theories in its materials. In 2018, LRC published an infographic timeline on the occasion of the “70th commemoration of the Palestinian Nakba,” featuring antisemitic and conspiratorial motifs.
- In the infographic’s legend, a caricature of an Ultra-Orthodox Jew represents “settlement” and an arm wearing a Star of David grabbing the land represents “confiscation.”
- The timeline promotes the conspiracy theory that in the 1907 Campbell conference, “Great Britain planned Israel in 1907 in order to destroy the Arab nation.” LRC describes this conference as an attempt to “implant an alien body at the heart of the Arab world, aiming to create division and civil war.” This conspiracy theory is illustrated with a dagger ornamented with a Star of David.
- In 2019, the EU authorized a €500,000 grant for a project titled “Qatari Mostaqubali (my decision is my future)” to “Build capacity, promote tolerance and increase access for activists, political leaders, media institutions and communities around conflict resolution and peacebuilding processes that are strategic and inclusive of currently disenfranchised women and youth.” One of the implementing partners of the project is the Women’s Affairs Technical Committee (WATC).
- In May 2017, WATC inaugurated a youth center for girls in the town of Burqa, near Nablus. As reported by Palestinian Media Watch, the center was named after Dalal Mughrabi, a terrorist who in 1978 murdered 37 civilians, including 12 children. Funding for this building was provided by Norway, UN Women (United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women), and the Palestinian Authority Ministry of Local Government. Upon learning that the center had been named after a terrorist, the Norwegian government and the United Nations issued strong condemnations. Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs Børge Brende stated that “We have asked for the logo of the Norwegian representation office to be removed from the building immediately, and for the funding that has been allocated to the centre to be repaid.”
- In the April 2020 edition of its Voice of Women magazine, WATC published an interview with the wife of the late Palestinian terrorist Khalil al-Wazir (Abu Jihad). Abu Jihad was responsible for the 1978 “Coastal Road massacre” (see above). During the interview, WATC referred to Abu Jihad as “one of the leaders of the Palestinian revolution, whose last words were ‘no voice rises above the intifada‘” (emphasis added).
- In 2016-2019, the EU provided Ma’an Network with €427,200 for a project titled “Media for Change: Leveraging Media Initiatives to Promote Participatory Engagement in the Peace Process.”
- On August 1, 2017, Ma’an Network published an article in Arabic titled “Song in Hebrew in Defense of Al Aqsa Mosque,” featuring a video by the same name. The video shows footage of terrorist attacks committed against Israelis, accompanied by a Hebrew song with the lyrics “I will clean my country of every Jew / I will strive for it with all my being” (NGO Monitor translation). The article reported that the video “promises to clean Palestine of Jews, and protests against Israeli security measures,” with additional commentary claiming that “Israel deteriorated the situation in Al Aqsa mosque when it installed metal detectors in the entrance to Al Aqsa compound” (NGO Monitor translation). Following widespread condemnation, Ma’an removed the articlefrom its website and the video from its YouTube account. To date, Ma’an has neither condemned the video, nor apologized for featuring it uncritically.
- In 2016-2019, the EU granted €488,098 to the Oxford Research Group (ORG) and PalThink for Strategic Studies (PalThink) for a project titled “Building Strategic Capacity: Empowering Civil, Political and Emerging Constituencies in Palestine and Israel.”
- ORG’s main project on the Arab-Israeli conflict, The Palestine Strategy Group, published a strategy report that supports“resistance in all its forms including the growing global movement for boycott sanctions and divestment” (emphasis added). Husam Zomlot, part of ORG’s Middle East Team and co-founder and coordinator of its Palestine Strategy Group, claimed in an interview on BBC (BBC Interview, 20 Aug 2014 from 39:21) that “They [Israelis] are fabricating all these stories about beheading journalists in Iraq… it happened somewhere else in Iraq, as if they are fabricating also the story of the Holocaust, that it happened in Europe, not the story itself, but the reason why they are doing this, and using so many other examples, to justify their murder of a nation.”
- In 2015, PalThink’s Meet the Youth initiative focused “on strengthening the Palestinian youth and their engagement in civic and political life in Gaza,” by inviting Hamas’ Basem Na’im and the PFLP’s Kayed al-Ghoul to speak with teenagers.
EU Funding to Palestinian NGOs
|"SANCUS: strengthening accountability networks among civil society"||€5 million||AMAN-Transparency Palestine with another four NGOs||2021-2023|
|"Gender equality in the economic sphere: our right, our priority"||€755,770||Democracy and Workers Rights Center Association||2020-2023|
|"Protective environment from hate speech and supportive for the freedom of expression in Gaza strip and west bank"||€450,768||Filastiniyat and Palestinian Center For Democracy And Conflict Resolution||2020-2023|
|"Safeguarding Palestinians living in east Jerusalem lives and their livelihoods "||"Enhance economic empowerment and increase prosperity for Businesses and projects affected by COVID-19 in East Jerusalem."||€1.1 million||Palestinian Medical Relief Society association (PMRS),|
Palestinian Vision Organisation, Maa'n Development Center,
Treatment & Rehabilitation Center for Victims of Torture
|"Thematic programme civil society organizations as actors of governance and development work in the field "||€411,281||AMAN-Transparency Palestine with another, Women's Centre for Legal Aid and Counseling (WCLAC)||2021-2023|
|"Civil society for dignity"||€832,949||Palestinian Centre For Peace And Democracy and Palestinian Center For Rapprochement Between People, Pax (Netherlands)||2021-2023|
|"Public information campaign for EU aid to Palestine"||€288,000||Safad advertising private stock"||2020-2022|
|"personal advisor to the minister of national economy, & coordinator of private sector development sector working group and European development partners "||€199,600||Jehad Atyani||2020-2022|
|"EU caravan tour in Palestine"||€289,500||Impact Services And Public Relation||2020-2022|
|"Public events promoting EU support to east Jerusalem, Area C, and water sector"||€174,500||Impact Services And Public Relation||2020-2022|
|"Gender equality in the economic sphere: our right, our priority"||€755,770||Democracy And Workers Rights Center Association||2020-2023|
|"SAWT Supporting Arab Women at The Table: women as actors in peace processes "||€46,021||Culture And Free Thought Association||2020-2023|
|"logistical support for engagement with EU partners in Palestine "||€150,000||AMANI TOURS PRIVATE||2020-2022|
|“East Jerusalem youth: agents of change”||“The specific objectives of the action provides [sic] innovative youth -friendly and safe platforms, which are instrumental to their ability to represent and reflect youth visions in addressing EJ issues and IHL -IHRL breaches in EJ and the rest of the oPt. As well as targeted community members are mobilized to participate and contribute to fulfil their economic, political, cultural and social rights.”||€4,987,500||Palestinian Vision (PalVision, or “Ruya”); Masar Ibrahim al-Khalil; The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA); Afkar Production Company; DanChurchAid||2019-2022|
|“Promotion of inclusive agricultural growth to ensure improved living standards and resilience of vulnerable communities in Area C of the West Bank”||“Contribute to resilient and inclusive agricultural growth that improves the living standards of women and men farmers in Area C of the West Bank. Specific objective: Increase the income of small-scale women and men farmers and the protection and the use of their lands in Area C through upgraded capacities, improved land and water management practices and policies.”||€3.8 million||Oxfam Solidarité; Rural Women's Development Society; Palestinian Farmers Union; Economic and Social Development Center of Palestine (ESDC)||2019-2022|
|“Connecting the dots: research and policy making on economic development, security and migration in the southern neighborhood and beyond”||“The main objective of the project is to contribute to increased awareness, as well as regional and national evidence-based policy making on priority areas of the ENP South (economic development, security and migration). The project aims to achieve this through the accomplishment of its specific objectives, which is to stimulate research-policy dialogues on ENP priority areas through tailor made evidence-based research, enhanced multi-stakeholders cooperation, increased research capacities, and holistic outreach and dissemination.”||€2.5 million||PALThink for Strategic Studies and 12 other foreign recipients||2020-2024|
|“Community-led action for protection and resilience of children and youth affected by conflict and rights violations”||“Community-led action for protection and resilience of children and youth affected by conflict and rights violations”||€2,441,589||Defense for Children International-Palestine (DCI-P); Ma’an Develoment Center; YMCA; Rädda Barnen||2019-2021|
|“Protection of marginalized communities in East Jerusalem through legal aid, planning, and advocacy”||“To support the marginalized Palestinian communities of East Jerusalem, increase their resilience, prevent forcible transfer and reinforce the Palestinian identity of East Jerusalem. Specific objectives: 1. To challenge the Israeli policies targeting the marginalized Palestinian communities in East Jerusalem, reduce their impact, and empower those targeted communities through legal aid and advocacy 2. To document, challenge and ultimately transform Israeli policies and me [sic].”||€2,086,757||Society of St. Yves; Jerusalem Legal Aid and Human Rights Center (JLAC); Land Research Center (LRC); Women's Centre for Legal Aid and Counseling (WCLAC); Civic Coalition for Palestinian Rights in Jerusalem (CCPRJ)||2020-2022|
|“Talim lil-Jamia: inclusive education intervention for east Jerusalem children”||“Contribute to preserve the Palestinian identity of occupied East Jerusalem. While promoting equity and inclusion adopting a rights-based approach, thus addressing the needs of Palestinian students and the overall young community of East Jerusalem (EJ), the project intends to contribute to improve the educational offer provided by the Awqaf system of EJ thus promoting its role as one of the main pillars to protect the Palestinian identity of EJ. The contribution to the [sic].”||€1,897,650||Jerusalem Autistic Child Care Organization; Terre des Hommes Italy||2019-2022|
|“Supporting resilience through dialogue”||“Supporting resilience through dialogue”||€1,308,411||Masarat - The Palestinian Center for Policy Research & Strategic Studies; Crisis Management Initiative||2019-2021|
|“Protecting Islamic and Christian cultural heritage in Jerusalem”||“To contribute to preserving the Palestinian character and cultural heritage of East Jerusalem (EJ) by strengthening the Palestinian identity and enhancing the sense of belonging among Palestinians. SO1: To protect Islamic and Christian Waqf religious and cultural heritage properties against Israeli violations and threats. SO2: To enhance Palestinians [sic] ability to identify and value their cultural heritage and have a good understanding of what can be done to protect their cultural heritage.”||€1,184,538||PalVision; Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA); ACT For Alternative Dispute Resolution And Studies||2019-2022|
|“Lawyers' community development in the west bank and the Gaza strip”||“The overall goal is to consolidate training and service delivery for lawyers in a harmonised manner for both West Bank and Gaza Strip and the specific objectives are: i) To consolidate and extend harmonised training programmes for young lawyers across the West Bank and Gaza; ii) To reinforce institutional cohesion by enhancing PBA's management system; iii) To develop communication tools and standards ensuring equal dissemination of legal information.”||€999,814||Palestinian Bar Association||2019-2021|
|“Assessing the impediments before the two-state solution”||“Contributing to the conditions for a sustainable resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in preparation for sustainable peace through identifying/analysing the impediments that stands against engaging fruitful negotiations and exploring manners to which breakthroughs and ultimately peaceful solutions to the conflict may be reached.”||€700,000||Applied Research Institute Jerusalem (ARIJ); LRC||2020-2022|
|“Towards better promotion and protection of human rights in Area C and Gaza strip.”||“The Palestinian Civil Society Organizations in Southern West Bank, Jerusalem, and Gaza contribute in enhancing just and fair access to and control over water resources in accordance with international human rights treaties and conventions.”||€649,998||ARIJ; Palestinian Child's Club - Youth Development Resource Center; Women Media and Development (TAM)||2020-2023|
|“Protection and respect of the rights of vulnerable women and girls with and without disabilities survivors of GBV in the Gaza strip.”||“To promote protection and respect of the rights of vulnerable women and girls with and without disabilities survivors of GBV based on IHL and IHRL.”||€648,000||Red Crescent Society for the Gaza Strip (RCS4GS); Qatar Red Crescent; Women's Affairs Center Gaza||2020-2023|
|“Building an infrastructure for peace and reconciliation.”||“To promote the conditions for a negotiated settlement of the conflict and to maintain the viability of the Two-State Solution.”||€628,319||Palestinian Peace Coalition Geneva Initiative; H.L. Education for Peace||2020-2023|
|“Secure Palestinian Land And Housing Rights (SPLHR).”||“To contribute to the resilience, steadfastness and promotion of basic human rights of Palestinians in the West Bank SO: By 2023, improved access of vulnerable communities in (Tubas, Jericho and Ramallah) to legal assistance essential for defending land and housing rights”||€611,368||LRC; Society of St. Yves||2020-2023|
|“Working together as agents for change: towards the protection and promotion of women's human rights”||“Contribute to the promotion and protection of women human rights in the Palestinian society through the development of a national conducive legal environment and enhancement of the international accountability towards higher protection of Palestinian women. Specific Objectives: 1. Increased capacity of CBOs and their communities in Area C and the Seam zone to engage in favor of womens [sic] rights and to provide a platform for the promotion of access to justice for women- victims.”||€578,442||Miftah; WCLAC||2020-2023|
|“From dialogue to action: cross-border cooperation as a means to peacebuilding”||“The project aims at contributing to a sustainable resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by empowering Palestinians and Israelis to work together to improve the lives of West Bank Palestinians and promoting cross-border cooperation. Through this action, the partners aim to create groups of people who will utilize new skills to implement tangible socio-environmental change and pursue policy transformations at the local and national level.”||€544,353||Holy Land Trust; Dead Sea and Arava Science Center||2020-2022|
|“Qatari Mostaqubali (my decision is my future)”||“Build capacity, promote tolerance and increase access for activists, political leaders, media institutions and communities around conflict resolution and peacebuilding processes that are strategic and inclusive of currently disenfranchised women and youth.”||€500,000||Women's Affairs Technical Committee (WATC); Assistance to Women and Girls against Violence; Care Norge||2020-2023|
|“CEDAW implementation in Jerusalem”||“To enhance the protection of Palestinian women's rights living under occupation in EJ. This comes within the framework of the limited implementation of CEDAW in Jerusalem, and lack of protection measures for Palestinian women living in Jerusalem where ambiguity prevails in concern to the responsible party to ensure the implementation of CEDAW. This comprises on protection of women and girls and enjoyment of basic rights in Jerusalem.”||€279,895||Miftah; Kayan-Feminist Organization||2020-2023|
EU Funding to Israeli NGOs
|"Addressing climate change through cooperation between key municipal sectors: business, local government, the public and civil society"||€688,000||2B Friendly- Social and Environmental Consumerism,|
Hatikva Association for the Promotion of Art and Culture,
The Natural Step Israel,
Zalul Association for Environmental Quality and Preservation Of The Red Sea
|"Enhanced civil society engagement with local authorities to promote the protection of Arab Bedouin women in the Naqab/Negev "||€645,000||AD'AR Forum of Professionals to Oppose Women Murder Crimes,|
I'LAM - Arab Center for Media Freedom Development and Research, Sidreh
|"Increasing the role of marginalised women in gender-sensitive spatial planning and development "||€517,970||Bimkom, Sidreh, The Israeli Association for Distributive Justice||2020-2023|
|"Dialogue and identity: nurturing a tolerant Jewish and Arab culture within a divided society "||€718,464||Rossing Center For Education And Dialogue,|
Tali Education Fund
|“'Unblocking the future': cultivating a culture of trust among Israelis and Palestinians”||“A negotiated solution to the conflict remains viable thanks to the positive engagement and professional cooperation of Palestinians and Israelis enhancing health, particularly women's health and mental health.”||€680,227||Physicians for Human Rights Israel; The Seventh Eye; Gaza Community Mental Health Programme||2020-2022|
|“Closing the confidence gap: restoring the viability of the two state solution.”||“To promote conditions for a negotiated settlement of the conflict based on the two-state solution, by shifting prevailing attitudes and stances of a key constituency in Israeli society partition sceptics.”||€600,000||Molad||2020-2022|
|“Democratizing Israeli democracy: accountable, transparent, inclusive and participatory governance, and respect for human rights in Israel.”||“To enhance the democratic foundations of Israel through accountable, transparent, inclusive and participatory governance, and respect for human rights. SO1: To ensure national institutions, laws and policies comply with the rule of law, human rights, equality, and respect for and protection of minorities. SO2: To strengthen capacities of human rights defenders, activists and media actors to access information, organize and advocate policy change and obtain redress.”||€299,988||Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI); Human Rights Defenders Fund (HRDF); Movement for Freedom of Information||2020-2022|
|“A symbiotic relationship in the west bank: holding Israeli authorities accountable for settler violence.”||“To increase duty bearer accountability by providing strategic and objective information and analysis on settler violence to key stakeholders in order to act to increase respect for HR and IHL.”||€299,988||B'Tselem; Breaking the Silence (BtS)||2020-2021|
|“Decision 3790: maximising its opportunities and countering its harmful effects to realise socioeconomic rights in East Jerusalem.”||“To hold Israel as the occupying power accountable to respect, protect and fulfil the socioeconomic rights of the Palestinian population in East Jerusalem (EJ).Specific objectives: : To maximise implementation by Israeli duty bearers of Government Decision 3790 for Narrowing Socioeconomic Gaps and Promoting Economic Development in East Jerusalem in a transparent, non-discriminatory and fair manner for the benefit of all EJ residents, in and beyond the Separation Barrier.”||€299,977||Ir Amim; Workers Advice Center||2020-2022|
|“Dignity in work: upholding labour rights for Palestinian workers employed in Israel”||“The overall objective of the Action is to promote and ensure the fair and dignified employment of Palestinian workers in Israel by upholding their labour rights as guaranteed by Israeli labour law and Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Specific Objective 1: Identify and address rights violations on an individual and systematic level through legal action and advocacy. Specific Objective 2: Raise awareness and build capacity among Palestinian workers employed in Israel to [sic]”||€298,514||ACRI; Kav Laoved||2019-2022|
|“Safeguarding the indigenous heritage in public spaces”||“To combat discrimination against the Arab communities in the public space of Israel, to demand the historical heritage rights of minority groups in Israel, and to foster an Israeli historical landscape that fully represents its multifaceted heritage.”||€292,091||Emek Shaveh; The Arab Culture Association||2020-2022|
|“Protection from violence as a basic human right: enlisting state responsibility in the struggle against violence against women and girls”||“To secure the commitment of the State of Israel to a comprehensive program of eliminating violence against women and girls (VAWG) in Israel.”||€297,790||Assistance to Women and Girls Against Violence; Moasat Hadanet Alnasra – Nazareth Nurseries Association; The Israel Women's Network||2020-2022|
|“Safe communities: Jewish-Arab mixed cities”||-||€290,586||The Abraham Initiatives||2020-2021|
EU Funding to International NGOs for Projects in Israel and the West Bank
|Grant||Description/Objectives||Amount||NGO Beneficiaries of Concern||Years|
|"Prevention of the forcible transfer of Palestinians in the west bank and east Jerusalem through humanitarian assistance and evidence-based advocacy"||€3.3 million||Norwegian Refugee Council||2020|
|Humanitarian response to the most vulnerable population affected by extreme poverty, humanitarian crisis, and violation of basic rights including IHL/IHRL in the Gaza strip.||€3.5 million||From 2020|
|"Maintaining a sustainable and lively Palestinian and Bedouin presence in east Jerusalem through protective presence, monitoring, documenting and advocacy."||“The overall objective is to offer protectivepresence to Palestinians in East-Jerusalem – including Bedouins in the El area, to monitor,document and report human rights abuses and violations of IHL and seek changes in theinternational communitys [sic] involvement through advocacy.”||€1.1 million||World Council Of Churches and International Christian Committee Near East Council Of Churches Committee For Refugee Works Association||2021-2024|
|"Humanitarian response to restore access to wash services and dignified health care conditions for most affected communities in the Gaza strip."||€800,000||Action contre la Faim (Spain)||From 2020|
|"Reducing barriers to quality and protective education services for out of school girls and boys in the Gaza strip"||€900,000||Save The Children (Norway)||From 2020|
|"Safe access to schools and psycho-social support services in West Bank (areas c and h2)"||€500,000||World Vision (Germany)||From 2020|
|"Enhance the resilience of vulnerable communities through efficient water solutions and addressing climate change in the eastern area of khan youngish in the Gaza strip."||€1 million||Oxfam Novib and Palestinian Environmental Friends Association||2020-2023|
|"Gaza h2.0: innovation and water efficiency."||€1 million||WE WORLD-GVC (Italy) and Palestinian Hydrology Group For Water & Environmental Resources Development||2020-2023|
|"Stories of Palestine - Palestinian communities promote their culture"||€500,000||Deutscher Volkshochschul-Verband, Dar Al Kalima University College Of Arts And Culture||2020-2023|
|“Humanitarian support to Palestinians at risk of forcible transfer in the West Bank”||€3.3 million||Norwegian Refugee Council|
|"Humanitarian support to protect education from attacks in Palestine - Phase IV"||€1.6 million|
- The European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) is “a thematic funding instrument for EU external action aiming to support projects in the area of human rights, fundamental freedoms and democracy in non-EU countries. This instrument is designed to support civil society to become an effective force for political reform and defence of human rights.” EIDHR has a budget of €1.3 billion for 2014-2020.
- The Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) “funds activities in the areas of crisis response, conflict prevention, peacebuilding and crisis preparedness, and response to global, trans-regional and emerging threats. The instrument’s activities are implemented in partner countries around the world, in conflict zones, in post-conflict environments and in emerging crisis settings.”
- Formerly known as the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) is the main instrument to foster “human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, equality, sustainable democracy, good governance and a thriving civil society,” among other goals. ENI has a budget of over €15 billion for 2014-2020 and operates in 16 partner countries.
- DCI’s “prime objective is the reduction of poverty. It contributes also to the achievement of other goals of EU external action, in particular fostering sustainable economic, social and environmental development as well as promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance and respect for human rights.” DCI has a budget of €19.6 billion for 2014-2020.
- This clarification by the European Commission President’s office followed a letter sent by NGO Monitor regarding a new EU anti-terror clause and demonstrating that there are direct connections between “natural persons” employed by or serving on the boards of some of EU-funded NGOs and the PFLP terror organization. (Read NGO Monitor’s report “EU Funding to Terror-Linked Palestinian NGOs Since 2011”).
- In a response (January 14, 2020; on file with NGO Monitor) to a Freedom of Information Request submitted by NGO Monitor, the EU detailed that the project had a duration of 30 months and ended on December 31, 2019.
- The EU Financial Transparency System (FTS) features the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees under its alternative name, Society of Palestinian Women’s Committees.
- In a response (June 10, 2020; on file with NGO Monitor) to a Freedom of Information Request submitted by NGO Monitor, the EU claimed that it “does not have any contract with UAWC, neither they are part of the description of the action annexed to the EU agreement with FAO. UAWC was selected as an implementing partner through a Call for Proposals organized by FAO in line with its own procedures.”
- According to the book Palestinian Civil Society: Foreign Donors and the Power to Promote and Exclude, the Red Crescent Society for the Gaza Strip “has nothing to do with the Palestinian Red Crescent Society.”
- Despite the reference to “Bedouin presence in East Jerusalem” in the project’s title, other details about the grant indicate that the Bedouin are located in the E1 area of the West Bank.
- For over 20 years, the EU has been providing constant funding to ARIJ and the Land Research Center for similar projects.
- The EU, Terror-Funding and Israel's Transparency Bill Ron Jontof-Hutter, The Algemeiner, August 17, 2016
- Letter from 4 German Members of the European Parliament regarding the proposed NGO Law
- MEPs Send an Open Letter on Israeli Government NGO Bill Julie Ward MEP
- Letter to PM Netanyahu from German-Israeli Parliamentary Friendship Group on NGO Law
- John Gatt-Rutter and the EU´s Middle East Fantasies Gerald steinberg, BlogActiv, August 30, 2015
- Europe´s NGO Jihad Against Israel Susan Warner, Gatestone Institute, August 27, 2015
- Kidnapped Israeli Teens Compel Scrutiny of Hamas's International Finances Matthew Levitt, The New Republic, June 24, 2014
- Europe's Unaccountable Palestinian Aid Michael Theurer, The Wall Street Journal, April 9, 2014
- Foreign Diplomats, Mainly European, Participate in Popular Resistance Activities in Judea and Samaria The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center, October 30, 2013