United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

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UN OCHA oPt Humanitarian Fund

UN Humanitarian Aid Clusters

  • As part of its “Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP),” OCHA organizes “Thematic Clusters” including Protection, Education, Shelter, Health and Nutrition, WASH (Water, Sanitation, Hygiene), and the Food Security Sector (FSS). Within each cluster, NGOs serve as implementing partners with UN agencies, and in some cases, are responsible for leading the cluster.
  • In practice, the cluster system is a key international lobbying and action mechanism through which the PA advances its nationalist and political agenda, sustaining conflict.
  • As part of the 2017 HRP, NGOs received $206 million (out of a requested $539.8 million) in government-provided humanitarian aid within the different clusters.
  • Numerous NGOs that receive funding under the HRP support BDS and other overtly political campaigns against Israel, and several have ties to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) terrorist organization.

Clusters

Advocacy within Humanitarian Clusters

  • On March 21, 2017 and March 29, 2017, in meetings held at the Ministry of Agriculture in Gaza City and Ramallah, the Food Security Sector (FSS), along with representatives from international and Palestinian NGOs, were urged by its partner Action Against Hunger (ACF) to participate in an advocacy “hashtag” campaign to mark “50 Years of Israeli Occupation,” using #thisisoccupation and #endtheoccupation.
  • Connie Martinez-Varela Pedersen is the current Cluster Coordinator for the Protection Cluster and a Human Rights Officer at OHCHR. Pedersen previously worked as the director of international advocacy for the politicized Israeli NGO Yesh Din.
  • In 2017, the Food Security Sector (FSS) stated that it would “conduct Bilateral meetings (lobby trip, Consulate, Embassy), hearing at the European Parliament and other international fora.” FSS also stated that it would focus on sending “clear messages about the illegality of the following”:
    • “Israeli settlements, hence settler violence are illegal under IHL”
    • “Stop settlements expansion”
    • “Stop the forcible transfer of Palestinian Bedouins and herders with its negative consequences on their livelihoods.”
  • In August 2014, the Protection Cluster relied on B’TselemAl Mezan, and Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR) for reporting on Palestinian casualties in Gaza during the 2014 Gaza war. Most, if not all, claims were based upon those of the Hamas Ministry of Health.
    • Former and current senior PCHR officials have ties to the PFLP.
  • Since 2013, under the “oPt Education Cluster,” UNICEF has partnered with Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI) in providing “protective presence” to Palestinian children going to and from school.
    • EAPPI brings volunteers to the West Bank for three months to “witness life under occupation.” Upon completion of the program, the volunteers return to their home countries and churches where many engage in anti-Israel advocacy, including advocating for BDS campaigns in churches, comparing Israel to apartheid South Africa and Nazi Germany, and other delegitimization strategies.
    • EAPPI also participates in the UN’s Protection Cluster Working Group (PCWG) and the Settler Violence Core Group (SVCG). EAPPI’s role in these groups is “ongoing submission[s] of incident reports to the SVCG, UN agencies and other relevant actors. Participation in meetings of the Silwan Task Force/East Jerusalem Task force and AIDA, and the Education Cluster.” EAPPI volunteers “monitor for human rights violations and do a lot of administrative work which is fed into UN systems” (emphasis added).

2018 Funding Received by Cluster

ClusterAmount Received 2018
Protection$18,077,780
Education$10,824,860
Shelter/NFI (Non Food Item)$11,682,669
Health and Nutrition$20,121,868
WASH (Water, Sanitation, Hygiene)$12,303,624
Food Security Sector (FSS)$125.895,459
Coordination and Support Services$7,166,046
Total NGO Funding$206,072,306

UN OCHA oPt –HF Funding to NGOs (amounts based on 2017 and 2018 annual reports)

(* = PFLP linked NGO)

NGO ProjectYear/sAmount
Palestinian Agricultural Relief Committees (PARC)Urgent support of in-kind food assistance to the affected poor households in the ARA - Gaza Strip2018$264,897
Support livelihoods and improve food security of the farmers/breeders through mitigating the effects of the electricity shortage2017$249,994
DanChurchAidSafe and secure trauma and non-trauma management for Gaza vulnerable people.2018$721,996
Improved protection mechanism in communities of Area E1 through the work of EAPPI and Bimkom2018$249,999
Oxfam NovibUrgent support for the most vulnerable families in Gaza Strip.2018400000
Provision of solar energy sources to critical WASH facilities located in vulnerable and underserved communities in the Southern area of the Gaza Strip.2018$383,338
Urgent support for the most vulnerable families in Gaza Strip2017$362,000
PMRSProviding first aid and postoperative care to injured participating in March of return2018$337,692
World VisionProviding Equitable and safe access to maintain resilience of vulnerable students in Area C in south Nablus and Hebron.2018$340,635
Building the resilience of vulnerable schools2017$250,052
Medecins du MondeMHPSS and reintegration interventions to mitigate the negative impacts of detention to survivors of political violence, especially Palestinian ex-detainee children and youth and their families in East Jerusalem.2018$284,923
Psychosocial Support to mitigate the negative impacts of detention on children and their families and to increase their social wellbeing in Southern West Bank2017$50,070
B’TselemMonitoring and Documentation of Violations Against Vulnerable Palestinian Communities Living in a Coercive Environment2018$257,749
Palestinian Center for Democracy and Conflict Resolution (PCDCR)Emergency response for protection and psycho-social needs of injured individuals and families of injured or killed people in the demonstrations at the fence in Gaza, Khanyounis and North Governorates.2018$239,076
Medical Aid for Palestinians (MAP)Provision of life saving drugs and disposables to respond to the emergency medical needs in Gaza.2018$979,653
Deploying specialist EMTs and their needed equipment into Gaza hospitals to treat the recently wounded patients2018$502,277
Enhancing emergency preparedness and response to the "Great Return Marches" events via immediate purchase, delivery and propositioning of urgently needed drugs and medical disposables.2018$453,294
Life-saving continuum of newborn care in the Gaza Strip2017$140,820
Union of Health Work Committees (UHWC)*To alleviate the suffering of patients waiting on the waiting list for surgical operations in the Ministry of Health and alleviate the burden of the MoH through conducting surgical operations with high quality in Al Awda Hospital in the northern Gaza Strip - OPT2018$300,000
Comprehensive Emergency response to immediate health and protection needs of vulnerable population of Gaza Strip to mitigate risks and save lives.2018$500,000
Improving the reproductive and maternity health services at Al Awda Hospital in Northern Gaza Strip2017$153,793
Terre des HommesMeeting the Protection Needs of Vulnerable Children in the Gaza Strip through Child Protection Case Management System2018$250,001
ACTEDSelf-repair and upgrade of vulnerable households’ substandard shelters in the Gaza Strip to prepare them for harsh weather conditions2018$307,971
Prepositioning for emergency response to natural and man-made disasters in the West Bank2018$234,899
Emergency rehabilitation of agricultural assets in Southern Gaza2017$250,339
Integrated emergency shelter assistance to Palestinian refugees from Syria, Libya, Yemen and Iraq in the Gaza Strip.2017$489,133
Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP)Enhancing protection through provision of specialized mental health services and psycho-social support to the affected men, women, girls and boys living in vulnerable areas at Gaza Strip2018$199,714
Enhancing protection mechanisms through providing mental health and psychosocial interventions to victims of current crisis at border areas in Gaza Strip.2018$199,163
Enhancing protection through provision of specialized mental health services and psycho social support to the most affected children, adults and parents living in vulnerable areas at Gaza Strip2017$71,303
Women’s Affairs CenterPromoting prevention and protection responses to acutely Vulnerable Women and Girls Victims and Survivors of SGBV in the Marginalized Localities of Gaza Strip.2018$250,009
Supporting acutely vulnerable women and girls survivors of SGBV/VAW in the Gaza Strip2017$89,998
Première Urgence InternationaleJune 2018- January 2019$299,999
Protect acutely vulnerable households from harsh summer conditions and upgrade of substandard housing units to meet minimum standards for shelter 2018$300,000
Protect people living in the Access Restricted Areas and surroundings from protracted protection threats, enhance their resilience and livelihoods and advocate for their rights to adequate standard of living2017$250,000
Ma’an Development Center*Protect the Health and Safety of IDPs and Hardship Cases through Emergency Shelter Responses2018$282,532
Water voucher program in Shokat Al Sofi Area2017$350,173
Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR)*Monitoring , verification and documentation of possible IHL,IHRL violations, And provision of legal aid to victims in the Gaza Strip2018$198,654
CARE InternationalHealth under protection (HUP): Emergency health and nutrition assistance to people living in communities whose rights are inadequately protected in the West bank (WB)2017$299,055
HaMokedProtecting the Rights of Palestinian Minors Detained by Israel in the West Bank2017$95,235
NGO Development Center Enhance the income of vulnerable and poor female and male farmers in the northern area of the Gaza Strip2017$249,808
Utilizing solar/photovoltaic energy to operate agricultural water wells and pumping systems2017$515,800
Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC)*The provision of rehabilitation for the open field land in Gaza strip2017$248,940
Emergency support for greenhouse and poultry farmers to overcome the electricity crisis in the Gaza Strip2017$230,585
Health Work Committees (HWC)*Sustaining the Provision of Essential Health Services by Health Work Committees to the Most Vulnerable Communities in the south governorate of the West Bank2017$109,755
Public Committee Against Torture in Israel (PCATI)Legal Protection for Palestinian Detained Boys and Girls2017$53,494

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