Germany

Profile

Country/TerritoryGermany

Activity

whitewashing cover cover-for-german-report-page-001 Germany, churches, funding

Activity

  • The German federal government provides millions of euros to political advocacy NGOs in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza through a variety of frameworks, including the Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the German Federal Foreign Office (MFA-AA), government-funded church organizations, political foundations, and independent development NGOs.
  • Germany is a global leader in providing development aid (referred to as “cooperation” in Germany) and was the second largest bilateral donor in 2017 (after the US), providing $24.7 billion in official development assistance. Yet, Germany’s development aid system is largely  non-transparent.
  • Officially, German funding is aimed at “combating poverty, securing food, establishing peace, freedom, democracy and human rights, shaping globalisation in a socially equitable manner, and preserving the environment and natural resources.” However, German federal funding is allocated to, among others, organizations that promote anti-Israel BDS (boycott, divestment and sanctions) and “lawfare” campaigns, anti-Zionism, a “one-state” vision, antisemitism, and violence.

Lack of Transparency

  • German federal funding frameworks are severely lacking in terms of transparency and public scrutiny. Selection processes, precise amounts, project evaluations, and sometimes partner organizations are not made publicly available.
  • Precise amounts are only available for Israeli NGOs, which are required by law to report to the Israeli Registrar of Non-Profits. According to reports submitted by Israeli NGOs, in 2016-2017 alone, approximately €7 million of German taxpayer money was allocated to 26 Israeli NGOs;1 46% of this went to organizations that promote BDS and/or “one-state” visions.

Double-Dipping

  • The multiplicity of German funding frameworks for NGOs results in “double dipping” – in which an organization is funded by more than one framework during the same timeframe, often for very similar activities.
  • Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and Federal Foreign Office (AA) are both involved in Germany’s development cooperation, with each apparently responsible for varying areas of policy. However, overlap does exist, specifically in the areas of crisis prevention and conflict resolution.
  • Germany provides funding to a select group of highly interconnected NGOs that share board members and are part of the same umbrella groups and networks. These NGOs also conduct evaluations for and provide information to the government, yet there is no indication that external actors conduct independent evaluations of the NGOs’ effectiveness or provide outside input. This close-knit relationship results in a closed echo chamber that grants the NGOs immense influence in a way that does not necessarily reflect public interest or democratic norms.

Depiction of German Funding Instruments (NGO Monitor)

Direct Funding

  • The Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA-AA) are the primary federal authorities responsible for managing German development policy.
  • These ministries are only responsible for the political aspects of international aid, with the actual implementation of projects being outsourced to state-owned limited liability companies and NGOs. This decentralized system makes it nearly impossible to follow the flow of taxpayer money.

Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

  • BMZ is the primary federal authority managing German development policy work. BMZ does not implement development projects, but rather dictates policy and works to encourage economic development through international partnerships and cooperation.
  • In 2019, BMZ’s budget was €10.2 billion. Of this, approximately €1.2 billion was directly allocated to “civil society and business groups and institutions.”
  • BMZ’s three German implementing partners are German Society for International Cooperation – GIZ (see below), the German development bank KFW (see below), and Engagement Global (see below). These partners are each responsible for implementing overlapping aspects of the Federal Government’s development policy projects.
  • BMZ has provided funding to the Applied Research Institute Jerusalem (ARIJ) and Miftah. (See Appendix 1 below.)
    • ARIJ is among the leaders of the political warfare against Israel, seeking to further BDS (boycotts, divestment and sanctions), false accusations of Israeli “apartheid” and “racism,” and support for a Palestinian “right of return” that is inconsistent with a two-state vision.
    • Miftah regularly promotes “resistance” (a euphemism for terror attacks) and glorifies terrorists. Miftah also utilizes anti-Israel rhetoric, such as accusing Israel of perpetrating “massacres,” “cultural genocide,” “war crimes,” and “apartheid.”

Federal Foreign Office (MFA – Auswärtiges Amt)

  • The MFA is responsible for activities related to humanitarian and emergency aid.
  • In 2019, the MFA’s budget was €5.8 billion. The MFA does not publish data on its project work in foreign countries. MFA only lists two of its implementing partners on its website, “ifa zivik programme” (see below) and the “Federal Office of Administration.” The MFA has also provided funding to a number of highly biased and politicized NGOs active in the Arab-Israel conflict including Gisha, Physicians for Human Rights-Israel (PHR-I), Palestinian Medical Relief Society (PMRS), and World Vision (see Appendix 1 below for further funding information).
  • The MFA also funds German political foundations, including Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, and German and international NGOs such as Medico International. Each of these groups then distributes funds to local partner NGOs.

German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ)

KFW Development Bank

Indirect Funding

Civil Peace Service (ZFD)

Institute for International Cultural Relations (ifa)

Medico International

Church Aid Frameworks

  • Since 1962, BMZ is obligated under German law to provide financial support for the development work of church-aid organizations, with two church NGOs chosen as representatives – the Catholic Misereor and the Protestant Development Service (EED), which has since merged with Brot fuer die Welt (BfW).
  • According to data from the Israeli Registrar of Non-Profits, 54% of total reported German funding to Israeli NGOs active in the Arab-Israeli conflict in 2016-2017 came from BfW/EED and Misereor.

Misereor

Bread for the World – EED

  • Brot für die Welt-Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst (BfW-EED) is the official aid framework of the Protestant Church in Germany.
  • In June 2017, BfW-EED issued a press release in which it stressed “For Bread for the World any promotion ends with the denial of Israel’s right to exist, calling for the boycott of goods from Israel, or promotion of antisemitism” (NGO Monitor translation). Contrary to this claim, BfW funds radical and politicized NGOs that promote BDS (boycott, divestment, and sanctions) and “lawfare” campaigns against Israel, including Coalition of Women for Peace (CWP), Who Profits, and Al-Haq (see Appendix 1 for further funding information).
  • Bread for the World “administer[s]” the World Council of Churches’ Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI). According to Bread for the World, “Bread for the World supports this EAPPI program with ecclesiastical funds, with a contribution to the shared costs of the Geneva office and the cost of preparing and posting 10-15 volunteers from Germany.”
    • EAPPI sends volunteers to the West Bank to “witness life under occupation.” Upon completion of the program, the volunteers return to their home countries and churches where many engage in anti-Israel advocacy, including advocating for BDS campaigns in churches, comparing Israel to apartheid South Africa and Nazi Germany, and other delegitimization strategies.

Political Foundations (Stiftungen)

Appendix 1: German Funding to Israeli and Palestinian NGOs (amounts in NIS unless specified)

2016-2017 amounts based on NGO annual financial reports; 2018-2019 amounts based on quarterly financial reports submitted to the Israeli Registrar of Non-Profits.

NGODonor2019201820172016
972 MagazineHeinrich Böll Foundation42,00037,80048,020
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation58,705
Konrad Adenauer FoundationN/AN/A
Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI)Bread for the World / EED963,419755,419822,769
Heinrich Wimpfheimer Stiftung51,614
Heinrich Böll Foundation60,000
bpb - German Federal Agency for Civic Education1,500
Konrad Adenauer FoundationN/AN/A
AdalahBread for the World / EED102,579474,973539,977
Medico InternationalN/A59,17162,637
AddameerHeinrich Böll FoundationN/AN/AN/A
Aid Watch Palestine, Dalia AssociationMedico InternationalN/A
Al-HaqHeinrich Böll Foundation
Weltfriedensdienst (WFD) (multi-year/ multi-player project 2017-2020)N/AN/AN/AN/A
Al MarsadMisereor154,232047,081
781,474
Al-MezanMedico InternationalN/AN/A
AlQawsHeinrich Böll Foundation39,68527,182
Ard el InsanKFWN/AN/AN/AN/A
BimkomBread for the World / EED46,5792333,845371,807
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation31,152
15,827
Breaking the SilenceBread for the World / EED39,55775,560
Medico International60,53383,532
IFA – Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations (ZIVIC)410,878
Misereor400,686305,049662,077
B’TselemBread for the World / EED412,529833,695117,4934672,766
Coalition of Women for PeaceBread for the World / EED128,346160,360
Kurve Wustrow8,797223,352328,345
Kurve Wustrow (multi-year project for a number of NGOs 2017-2020) (Renewed with Youth Against Settlements)1,595,600
Combatants for PeaceBread for the World / EED239,680122,612
AGEH 59,79870,510229,091
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation (according to CfP statement)42,34339,41538,000
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation (according to the RLS statement)50,895
Forum ZFD (multi-year/ multi-player project 2017-2020)N/A48,937N/A
Comet-MEMFA - Germany3,797,3992,667,987
Culture and Free Thought Association (CFTA)Medico InternationalN/AN/A$31,200$12,840
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation $14,601$38,876
GIZ - German Agency for International DevelopmentN/AN/AN/A$10,100
Bread for the World / EEDN/AN/A
Democracy and Workers’ Rights Center [Association] in Palestine (DWRC)MisereorN/AN/AN/AN/A
Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP)MFA – Germany & GIZN/AN/AN/AN/A
Geneva InitiativeGermany195,336
GishaMFA – Germany349,804252,836
IFA – Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations399,145
HaMokedMisereor884,164
Human Rights Defenders Fund (HRDF)Germany58,940
I’LamRosa Luxemburg Foundation 40,041
Hanns Seidel Foundation31,951
Ir Amim IFA – Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations480,098498,357
Bread for the World / EED747,648619,696402,362
Heinrich Böll Foundation24,00023,10042,000
Konrad Adenauer Foundation101,538N/AN/A
Islamic Relief PalestineGIZ - German Agency for International DevelopmentN/AN/AN/AN/A
GIZ-TVET projectN/AN/AN/AN/A
Kairos PalestineZFD - Civil Peace Service (multi-year project 2017-2020)N/AN/AN/A
Kerem NavotRosa Luxemburg Foundation 51,21939,99733,783
Medico International63,30037,620
Ma'an Development CenterGIZ - German Agency for International Development (multi-year project 2019-2020)€700,000N/AN/AN/A
Mada al-CarmelRosa Luxemburg Foundation 28,899
MiftahBMZ – GIZ project 2015-2019 multi-country project€6,000,000
Thereof €286,900 for Miftah
GIZ - German Agency for International Development27,766124,183
MoladHeinrich Böll Foundation91,140
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation 52,65384,219
MossawaRosa Luxemburg Foundation 22,749
Friedrich Ebert Foundation115,400110,400
Bread for the World / EED509,602288,649498,944
Negev Coexistence ForumRosa Luxemburg Foundation 126,149170,545189,382
170,545
Palestinian Agricultural Relief Committees - PARCGIZ - German Agency for International Development 204,340
Palestinian Agricultural Relief Committees - PARC together with Ministry of Health (emergency teams Hospital emergency departments and PHC), Fishermen SyndicatesMedicins du Monde France (German contribution)$657,728
Parents Circle Families Forum (PCFF)Bread for the World / EED509,009282,991
Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR)KZE through MISEREOR€346,000N/A
Palestinian Center for Peace and Democracy (PCPD)GIZ - German Agency for International Development N/AN/A
Physicians for Human Rights-Israel (PHR-I)Bread for the World / EED1,000,705692,000571,000
MFA - Germany200,000
Medico International230,70962,000179,000
Palestinian Vision (PalVision, or "Ruya")Friedrich Ebert FoundationN/A
Deutsche Welle Akademie (multi-year project 2014-2016)N/A
GIZ - German Agency for International DevelopmentN/A
Palestinian Environmental NGOs Network- PENGONHeinrich Böll Foundation
Palestinian Medical Relief Society (PMRS)Medico International(multi-year project 2014-2016)€962,783
Medico International$2,352,918$1,327,201N/A
$100,945
Palestinian NGO Network (PNGO)GIZ - German Agency for International Development (multi-year project 2014-2016)N/AN/A€70,000
GIZ - German Agency for International Development (multi-year project 2016-2020)N/AN/AN/AN/A
Palestinian Youth Association for Leadership and Rights Activation (PYALARA)Deutsche Welle Akademie (multi-year project 2014-2016)N/A
PASSIAFriedrich Ebert FoundationN/AN/AN/A
GIZ - German Agency for International DevelopmentN/AN/AN/A
Peace NowMisereor307,935
IFA – Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations310,2226,870
Germany69,504
Rabbis for Human RightsMisereor317,250112,890
Bread for the World / EED45,19131,760
SabeelBread for the World / EED96,456
Sadaka ReutBread for the World / EED155,059110,020
Misereor237,420189,065
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation 12,570
Society of St. YvesCivil Peace Service (ZFD) (multi-year project)N/AN/AN/A
AGEHN/AN/AN/AN/A
MisereorN/AN/AN/AN/A
Missio (Misereorsubsidiary)N/AN/AN/AN/A
The Social TVMedico InternationalN/A20,358
Rosa Luxemburg Foundation 20,764
Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC)Medico InternationalN/AN/AN/A
GIZ - German Agency for International Development (multi-player project)€1,337,686.2€2,712,530.35€2,712,530.35€2,712,530.35
UAWC together with Juzoor, Hayat Center, MOHMedicins du Monde France (German contribution to a multi-player project)$968,915
Yesh DinMinistry of Finance - Germany826,214195,5088865,262
Misereor213,383
Youth against Settlements Kurve Wustrow ( multi-year project for a number of NGOs 2017-2020 ; Renewed with  Coalition of Women for Peace)€1,595,600
Who ProfitsMedico International50,98446,11651,698
Bread for the world / EED 32,714
Women’s Affairs Technical Committee (WATC)Friedrich Ebert FoundationN/AN/AN/A
Women's Centre for Legal Aid and Counseling (WCLAC)Bread for the world / EED $20,738$19,631
ZochrotMisereor270,550152,716310,345

Appendix 2: ZFD Projects in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza

ProjectGerman Implementing OrganizationLocal Partners
It can be done different: unite youth and establish peace education” (2017-2020)AGEHCollege des Frères Bethlehem, Combatants for Peace, Deutscher Verein vom Heiligen Lande, Holy Land Trust, House of Grace, Kairos Palestine, Latin Patriarchate I Vicariate for Hebrew Speaking Catholics, Parents Circle Families Forum, The Catholic Human Rights Society of St. Yves
Aiming for the goal: Young people in refugee camps are learning alternatives to hatred and violence” (2014-2021)GIZWukala’ al Wi’am
To show alternatives: creative methods for constructive ways” (2014-2019)GIZGHIRASS Cultural Center, Madaa Silwan Creative Center, Muntada - The Arab Forum for Sexuality, Education, and Reproductive Health, Palestinian Child Center, Yafa Cultural Center
"’Politics of small steps’: Encounter creates trust” (2017-2020)forumZFDAjyal, Combatants for Peace, Conflict Lab - Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Fateh Youth Movement, HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed, Hashomer Hatzair, Heartbeat, Independant Youth Union, Moreshteinu, Young Labour Young Meretz
Strengthening Nonviolent Initiatives” (2017-2020)Kurve WustrowCoalition of Women for Peace (CWP), Youth Against Settlements
Steady drops: training and theater provide youth with non-violent alternatives” (2013-2020)WFD- World Peace ServiceAl-Haq, Yes Theater and Guidance and Training Centre for the Child and Family (GTC)

Footnotes

  1. This may be a partial amount, as not all Israel NGOs adhere to submission requirements.

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